Pre-divorce Temporary Maintenance Awards
In matrimonial actions filed after October 12, 2010, the NY Domestic Relations Law includes guidelines to determine the amount of awards for temporary support or maintenance. The guidelines factor in deviations in cases when the award of maintenance is inappropriate or unjust.
In 2010, the New York Divorce Reform Act amended the Domestic Relations Law statute by instituting specific guidelines which the courts are mandated to apply in order to determine the amount of maintenance award that the monied spouse is obligated to pay to the non-monied spouse. The court can also determine the amount of counsel fees to Aeven the playing field@ so that both spouses are on an equal footing for the duration of their divorce case.Based on Both Spouses Incomes
The application of these guidelines will result in an award of maintenance when there exists a gap in income between the spouses resulting in the income of the payees (the less-monied spouse) being less than 2/3 of the income of the payor=s (more monied spouse).
In determining the amount of temporary maintenance based on the guidelines, the court will make a comparison between 2 calculations of the party’s yearly incomes. This will be based on an income cap of $540,000 of the payor=s annual income. The payor’s income exceeding $540,000 is not factored into these calculations.
New Guidelines for Court's Calculation
First Calculation: Thirty percent of the payor's income minus twenty percent of the payee's income,
Second Calculation: Forty percent of both spouses= combined incomes. The income of the payee is subtracted from this amount and the total sum is the presumptive amount of the temporary maintenance award. The lesser amount from the 2 figures is then selected by the court as the amount of temporary maintenance to be awarded.
Currently, the Family Court and the Supreme Court must apply the following guidelines in order to determine amount of temporary maintenance a spouse is required to pay the other spouse:
Unless the court finds the presumptive award to be inappropriate or unjust, the temporary maintenance must be awarded. If, on the other hand, the award is deemed unfair or improper, the court will consider seventeen factors to make adjustments to the award.
In a case where the payor’s yearly income exceeds $540,000, an adjustment to the amount may be made by the court. Under these circumstances, the court will take nineteen factors into consideration to determine any added temporary maintenance award.
The duration of the marriage is the sole consideration by the court in determining the duration over which the temporary maintenance award is paid. At the court’s discretion, temporary maintenance can be awarded for a limited time period through the final entry of the judgment of divorce.
The temporary maintenance guidelines include protections for spouses whose annual income is less than the self-support reserve. Temporary maintenance terminates upon the entry of the judgment of divorce, the issuance of the final award of maintenance or the death of either party, whichever occurs first.Changes in the Income Cap
Every 2 years starting in 2010, the income cap has been and will continue to be increased by the product of the average yearly changes in the percentage in the Consumer Price Index for urban consumers (cpi-u), published by the US Department of Labor (Bureau of Labor Statistics) for the 2-year time period rounded out to the nearest $1,000. The New York Office of Court Administration is responsible for determining and publishing this income cap.Consult an Attorney
The complexities are daunting for determining temporary spousal maintenance or support. You are encouraged to contact a divorce lawyer with specific knowledge in this aspect of matrimonial law. Get the benefit of Ingrid Gherman’s long years of hands-on experience in this area of divorce law, call (212) 941-0767 or use the on-line contact form.